D'Arblay, Frances (Burney)

   Novelist, dau. of Dr. Charles B., a musician of some distinction, was b. at Lynn Regis, where her f. was organist. Her mother having died while she was very young, and her f., who had come to London, being too busy to give her any attention, she was practically self-educated. Her first novel, Evelina, pub. anonymously in 1778, at once by its narrative and comic power, brought her fame, and, through Mrs. Thrale (q.v.), she made the acquaintance of Dr. Johnson, with whom she became a great favourite. Her next literary venture was a comedy, The Witlings; but, by the advice of her f., it was not put upon the stage. In 1782, however, she produced Cecilia, which, like its predecessor, had an enormous sale, and which, though not perhaps so popular as Evelina, added to her fame. She now became the friend of Burke and other distinguished persons, including Mrs. Delaney, through whom she became known to the royal family, and was offered the appointment of Second Keeper of the Robes, which, with some misgivings, she accepted. This situation did not prove a happy one, the duties being menial, the society uncongenial, and the court etiquette oppressive and injurious to her health, and in 1791 she obtained permission to retire on a pension of £100. She had, during her connection with the court, continued her Diary, which she had begun in girlhood, and continued during her whole life, and which during this period contains many interesting accounts of persons and affairs of note. She married (1793) Gen. D'Arblay, a French emigré, their only income being her slender pension. This she endeavoured to increase by producing a tragedy, Edwy and Elvira, which failed. In 1795 she pub. by subscription another novel, Camilla, which, though it did not add to her reputation, considerably improved her circumstances, as it is said to have brought her £3000. After some years spent in France, where her husband had obtained employment, she returned to England and pub. her last novel, The Wanderer, which fell flat. Her only remaining work was a life of her father, written in an extraordinarily grandiloquent style. She died in 1840, aged 87.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Frances Burney — For playwright Frances Burney (1776–1828), niece of novelist Fanny Burney Madame d Arblay 1752 1840, see Frances Burney (1776–1828) Frances Burney (13 June 1752 – 6 January 1840), also known as Fanny Burney and after marriage as Madame d’Arblay,… …   Wikipedia

  • Frances Burney — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frances Burney — Fanny Burney Fanny Burney Frances Burney, (1752 – 1840), ou Fanny Burney, devenue Madame d’Arblay par son mariage, est une femme de lettres et romancière anglaise. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Burney —   [ bəːnɪ],    1) Charles, britischer Musikforscher, Organist und Komponist, * Shrewsbury 7. 4. 1726, ✝ Chelsea (heute zu London) 12. 4. 1814; Organist verschiedener Kirchen in London; unternahm 1770 und 1772 Reisen nach Frankreich und Italien,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Burney — [bʉr′nē] Fanny (born Frances Burney; married name Madame d Arblay) 1752 1840; Eng. novelist & diarist …   English World dictionary

  • Burney, Fanny — ▪ British author byname of  Frances d Arblay , née  Burney  born June 13, 1752, King s Lynn, Norfolk, England died January 6, 1840, London  English novelist and letter writer, daughter of the musician Charles Burney (Burney, Charles), and author… …   Universalium

  • Burney — /berr nee/, n. 1. Charles, 1726 1814, English organist, composer, and music historian. 2. his daughter, Frances or Fanny (Madame D Arblay), 1752 1840, English novelist and diarist. * * * (as used in expressions) Burney Charles Burney d Arblay… …   Universalium

  • Burney (d'Arblay), Fanny — orig. Frances Burney (13 jun. 1752, King s Lynn, Norfolk, Inglaterra–6 ene. 1840, Londres). Novelista inglesa. Autodidacta, hija de Charles Burney, escribió entretenidos recuentos de las concurridas veladas musicales ofrecidas por su padre. El… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Burney (d'Arblay), Fanny — orig. Frances Burney born June 13, 1752, King s Lynn, Norfolk, Eng. died Jan. 6, 1840, London English novelist. The self educated daughter of Charles Burney, she wrote lively accounts of his social musical evenings. Her habit of recording… …   Universalium

  • Burney — (as used in expressions) Burney, Charles Burney (d Arblay), Fanny Frances Burney …   Enciclopedia Universal

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